Transitions of Control in Partially Autonomous Vehicles:
Driver Response and The Design of Vehicle Interfaces
How should autonomous vehicles interact effectively and safely with human drivers?
To better understand how autonomous vehicles are expected to function and to discover key issues that need further examination, we conducted empirical studies in a driving simulator to understand how drivers respond to different ways of transitioning control in partially autonomous vehicles. These studies help us understand what factors influence drivers' preferences and takeover performance in transition of control scenarios.
We examined the role of the control interface design, demographics, tasks prior to transition, alert modality on people’s ability to successfully resume driving after a transition from automation. We used these insights to design novel prototype driving interfaces to better assist drivers.
From the findings of these studies, we form a set of design recommendations that can better inform vehicle manufacturers regarding the design of autonomous vehicles to improve the safety and comfort of drivers.